The number of GATT and WTO agreements signed each year has increased significantly since the 1990s. In 199, 194 conventions were ratified and 94 conventions in the early 1990s were ratified.  Over the past decade, regional integration has accelerated and deepened around the world, in Latin America and North America, Europe, Africa and Asia, with the formation of new alliances and trading blocs. However, critics of the forms that have adopted this integration have consistently pointed out that the forms of regional integration that have been promoted are often neoliberal in nature, in line with the motivations and values of the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank – promoting the deregulation of financial markets, removing barriers to global capital and businesses, their owners and investors; The focus on industrialization, the increase in the volume of world trade and the increase in GDP. This has been accompanied by a sharp increase in global inequality, worsening environmental problems due to industrial development, displacement of formerly rural communities, the steady increase of urban slums, rising unemployment and reduced social and environmental protection. Global deregulation of financial markets has also contributed to the increasing frequency and severity of economic crises, as governments have increasingly lost sovereignty to take steps to protect and promote weakened economies, based on free trade rules implemented by the WTO and IMF. Online Research Documents General documents relating to regional trade agreements carry the WT/REG document code. As part of the Doha Agenda trade negotiations mandate, they use TN/RL/O (additional values needed). These links open a new window: Allow a moment for the results to appear. Regional trade agreements have the following advantages: the RCEP deepens trade and investment relations between Member States, including removing non-tariff barriers (NRRs) in trade in goods and services. The agreement focuses on NB, as import duties were already relatively low among RCEP members.
(The weakness of import duties is the result of the global trend of unilateral tariff liberalization in recent decades and a network of existing trade agreements among RCEP members, such as the ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement, the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement, the China-Australia-Japan-Korea Free Trade Agreement.) It harmonizes the rules imposed by countries on trade in goods and thus provides greater security for traders and investors. For example, importing countries are encouraged to accept product standards from other Member States from which products originate when these countries offer the same level of consumer protection. Perhaps the main feature of the agreement is to adapt the rules of origin for the 15 countries, which facilitates the integration of RCEP participants into the same production line. This could help RCEP members attract a larger share of global value chains (GvCs) and strengthen their specialization, which could be particularly important at a time when the U.S.-China trade dispute has accelerated GSC reconfiguration in China and from China. The RCEP also covers relevant provisions in the area of services, including commitments made by each member not to discriminate against investors from other members in several service sectors. Finally, it facilitates the temporary free movement of people for investment and trade activities. Play Related Content Audio Global Trade What you need to know about RCEP, asia`s new trade agreement Peter A. Petri and David Dollar Thursday, November 19, 2020 Order of Chaos RCEP: A new trade agreement that allowed economy and politics Peter A. Petri and Michael Plummer to focus, Monday, November 16, 2020, on the countdown